Radioactive waste management
The general principles of radioactive waste management have been set initially by the December 30th 1991 Waste Act (called as well loi Bataille) and later modified by the above-mentioned 2006 Planning Act on the sustainable management of radioactive materials and waste, and are the following:
- sustainable management of radioactive materials and waste of whatever nature, resulting in particular from the operation or dismantling of installations using radioactive sources or materials, with due regard for the protection of personnel health, safety, and the environment,
- in order to avert or limit the burden that will be borne by future generations, research is undertaken and the necessary means for the definitive securing of radioactive waste shall be implemented,
- producers of spent fuel and radioactive waste are responsible for those substances, without prejudice to the responsibility their holders have as nuclear activity operators.
A National Plan for the management of radioactive materials and waste (PNGMDR) is considered as an important tool to improve radioactive waste management. The plan has been issued at the beginning of 2007 by the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) and the General Directorate for Energy and Climate (DGEC). It is notably based on the National Inventory of radioactive waste and recoverable materials (lien vers document inventaire English) issued by Andra.